The diesel railcar

Z 105


The railcar Z105 was delivered in 1949 by the factory of De Dietrich in Reichshoffen (France) to the CFL. The whole series from Z101 to Z110 was based on the prototype constructed in 1933 for presentation to the railway companies. 

This vehicle is equipped with two 105 HP diesel motors from CLM (Compagnie Lilloise des Moteurs), two mechanical 4-gear transmissions DGG CV2 (license Mylius). The railcar has 75 seats, has a length of 17.90 meters and can travel at 100 km/hour. This railcar was an excellent piece of work, therefore a large number of vehicles based on this model were delivered in the following years to the railway companies A.L. (Alsace-Lorraine), P.O (Paris-Orléans), ETAT and EST (eastern railway). In 1938, year of the creation of the SNCF the railcars were classified in class ZZ D 1000 und were in service until 1960.

Similar railcars could be found in Syria (Damaskus-Hama railway). During 1935-1936 De Dietrich constructed further railcars for French railway companies (class ZZ D 2000). These were powered by an 320 HP SAURER diesel-engine instead of a CLM one. After second world war De Dietrich finally constructed the class X 3700 (3701-3720) for SNCF. This was an improved series of the model ZZ D 2000. The CFL railcars of the class Z 100 (101-110) are identical with the SNCF class X 3700.

Z 105 entered CFL service in the year 1949 and was used on all the main and secondary lines of the new CFL. They could be seen on the today closed lines of the "Attert" (Petingen-Steinfort-Ettelbrück) and of the "Sauer" (Ettelbrück-Echternach-Wasserbillig) as well as rapid trains on main lines. The ten railcars De Dietrich realized one third of the yearly rolled kilometers of the CFL   (~100 000 km per railcar).

The 6 in 1949 acquired Décauville trailers Rz 1001 to Rz 1006 were used to increase the available place of the railcars. In 1955 further 4 Décauville trailers were bought (Rz 1007 - Rz 1010) to in order to offer more seats due to an increase of passenger traffic. After the closing of the "Attert" and the "Sauer" lines in 1967 the series Z100 became unnecessary. Due to a non-repairing several railcars ant trailers were put retired from use in the early seventies of the 20th century. After accidents Z 109 (Wecker 1973), Z 110 (Luxembourg 1976) and Z 103 (Dommeldingen 1977) were broken down.

At May 27th, according to a CFL decision, all the Z100 railcars were taken out of service. But not all the railcars were scrapped. Z105 was sold in 1978 to the GAR and stayed in Luxembourg. Z104 and Z110 (formerly Z101) were carried to Remerschen at the river Mosel. They were used as meeting-point by opponents of the nuclear energy. After that GAR members had taken out all usable parts (for restoration of Z105), they were scrapped in 1984 after. 

The railcar Z105 had a length of 25.81 meters, a weight of 34 tons and at the beginning offered 20 seats in second class, 55 in third class and 20 places without seats. In 1956 the 2/3 class system was transformed in an pure second class system. An autonomous coke stove allowed to heat the railcar in winter. The Z105 is powered by 2 SAURER BXDS 160 HP diesel engines. The power of each engine is transmitted with an 4-gear mechanic transmission (type Mylius CV2) to the rear axel. Clutch and driving control are regulated pneumatically, gearing is operated by wire-ropes. This peculiar transmission system appoints an excellent acceleration to Z105. So it is able to circulate at 120 km/hour. Z105 is equipped with direct compressed air brakes of the system Westinghouse with considerable braking qualities.

Z105 is in use since 1992 and has rolled several thousands of kilometers on Luxembourg's and foreign rail tracks. There were between others, special trains with Z105 in 1997 to SBB anniversary in Lausanne, in 1998 to Paris and Tours (France). Unfortunately the circulation authorization ended in October 1999 because the direct braking-system Westinghouse is no longer permitted.



Since 2002 the railcar Z105 and the trailer Décauville Rz 1011 were handed over to the State of Luxembourg (Ministry of Culture). This has given the management to the association "1604 classics asbl" (= State of Luxemburg + 5519asbl + GAR asbl).




The trailer

Rz 1011


The trailer Rz1011 was acquired in 1995 by the des GAR from the French railway company SNCF in order to enlarge the transportation capacity of the railcar Z105.

RZ1011 was delivered in 1962 from the firm Décauville at Corbeil (Paris) with the class-number XR 8291 to SNCF. In 1980 it was completely modernized together with XR 8274, 8281 und 8285 in SNCF workshop Bordeaux. The original color design "crème-bordeaux" was replaced with an blue-white scheme, the new SNCF design for DMU's . The interior was adapted do the actual needs, more comfortable seats and a new heating- and cooling system were installed. The trailer now offered 12 seats in fist class and 48 in second class. In addition space for a luggage compartment (2.5 tons) was created. technically these for trailers were adapted to work with the restored railcars X 2800 and X 2100. 

After the sale in 1995 to the GAR the trailer received a new red-gray outfit  by the GAR depot crew. It  was numbered Rz1011 according to the CFL trailers Rz1001 to Rz1010. The brakes were adapted to the system installed on railcar Z105.. In September 1995 the first special train was organized by GAR. Occasionally you can see the trailer Rz1011 together with the railcar Z105.



Since 2002 the railcar Z105 and the trailer Décauville Rz 1011 were handed over to the State of Luxembourg (Ministry of Culture). This has given the management to the association "1604 classics asbl" (= State of Luxemburg + 5519asbl + GAR asbl).